Understanding Back Pain Biomechanics in Burnaby, BC

Back pain is a prevalent health concern affecting millions of individuals worldwide. From a dull, persistent ache to a sudden, sharp sensation, back pain can significantly impact your daily routines and quality of life. However, have you ever wondered about the science behind this discomfort? Understanding the biomechanics involved can shed light on why back pain happens and how you can manage or even prevent it. n Burnaby, BC, where outdoor activities and desk-bound jobs are prevalent, understanding and managing back pain becomes even more crucial for maintaining an active and healthy lifestyle.

Basic Structure of the Human Back and its Biomechanics

The human back’s structure is complex, with each part serving its unique function. Understanding this structure provides the foundation to grasp the biomechanics contributing to back health.

Cervical Spine (Neck)

The cervical spine forms the neck region. With its seven vertebrae (C1 to C7), it supports the head and allows a broad range of motion.

Thoracic Spine (Upper and Middle Back)

The thoracic spine, consisting of twelve vertebrae (T1 to T12), attaches to the ribs and provides stability to the upper body.

Lumbar Spine (Lower Back)

The lumbar spine, composed of five vertebrae (L1 to L5), bears the bulk of the body’s weight and plays a significant role in flexibility and range of motion. Its vertebrae structure is notably broader and larger, which is vital for its weight-bearing function.

Spine’s Functions and Movements

The spine allows flexion and extension, lateral flexion, and rotation. Additionally, it is a crucial load-bearing structure that evenly distributes the body’s weight through the pelvis to the lower extremities. It also benefits from muscular support, a crucial factor in maintaining posture and stability. The biomechanics of the spine play a vital role not only in back health but also in other areas, such as headache relief. Chiropractic care and headaches: The connection between spinal health and headaches explores this link further.

Biomechanical Imbalances and Back Pain

Many factors can trigger back pain, but biomechanical imbalances stand out as a common culprit. Here are some ways these imbalances can result in back discomfort.

Muscular Imbalances

Muscular imbalances can strain specific back areas, leading to pain due to an uneven distribution of forces.

Poor Posture

Poor posture during various activities can result in biomechanical stress on the spine, causing muscle imbalances and back pain. Poor posture is a key factor contributing to biomechanical stress on the spine, highlighting the need to understand what good posture is and why it is important.

Spinal Misalignments

Structural issues, such as misaligned vertebrae or abnormalities like scoliosis, can result in uneven spine loading, which can contribute to back discomfort.

Overuse or Repetitive Strain

Frequent engagement in repetitive activities with improper biomechanics can lead to overuse injuries, resulting in inflammation and pain.

Common Causes of Biomechanical Imbalances

There are several causes of biomechanical imbalances in the human back. They include muscle weakness or imbalance, poor posture, lack of flexibility, structural abnormalities, joint dysfunction, and overuse or repetitive movements. In addition to biomechanical imbalances, there are various other causes that can exacerbate back pain issues. Gaining a deeper insight into understanding common causes of back pain can help in identifying and addressing these factors effectively.

The Role of Chiropractic Care in Correcting Biomechanical Imbalances

In Burnaby, chiropractic care is key to addressing these imbalances, often brought on by our city’s active lifestyle and the common desk-bound work environments. Chiropractors perform spinal adjustments, joint mobilization, provide corrective exercises, aid in postural correction, and offer education and lifestyle advice to help alleviate these imbalances.

Preventative Measures and Lifestyle Changes

Understanding your back’s biomechanics not only helps in managing pain but also aids in preventing future issues. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, practicing good posture, staying active, and an ergonomic work environment are some measures to ensure proper back health and prevent biomechanical imbalances. For Burnaby residents, incorporating activities such as walking in Central Park, cycling on the BC Parkway, or engaging in community-led yoga classes can significantly enhance back health. Additionally, creating an ergonomic workspace is essential, especially with the high number of tech and office jobs in the area. While understanding the biomechanics of back pain is crucial, actively engaging in preventive measures like 10 stretches to alleviate your low back pain can also significantly reduce the risk of developing chronic issues.


Understanding the biomechanics of back pain from a chiropractor’s perspective can be transformative. It not only enables you to navigate the complexities behind back pain better but also empowers you with the knowledge to manage and prevent its recurrence. With this understanding, you can take the necessary steps towards achieving and maintaining optimal back health.

If you’re looking to take control of your back health and gain a better understanding of how to manage or prevent back pain through expert chiropractic care, we are here to help. If you’re looking for chiropractic care in Burnaby, visit Metrotown Chiropractic to learn more about our services and how you can book an appointment. Don’t let back pain hold you back from enjoying life to the fullest—get in touch with us today and start your journey towards a healthier, more comfortable future.

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